Phoridae are a large group of thousands of species of small flies. Other common names for flies in this family include: humpbacked, coffin, and scuttle flies. 21: 275 – 280. Porter, S. D., R. M. Plowes, and C. E. Causton. Guidelines for using data taken from Web publications. The fire ant decapitating fly, Pseudacteon bifidus (Diptera: Phoridae): host specificity and attraction to potential food items. 437), Diploneura florescens (detail: B. Ent. 2015.
differences and similarities between taxa, lists of taxa exhibiting or lacking
endoparasitic (e.g., in ants), or ectoparasitic; acephalic. 2015;4032: 215–220.
Phora, Plectanocnema, Pseudacteon, Puliciphora, Phora: B. Ent. More information on diversity can be found at the phorid catalog (PCAT) site. The larvae Zootaxa. They range in size from about 6 mm in length down to 0.4 mm, the world's smallest fly. This page was last edited on 29 August 2019, at 06:28. Organisms living with Ants (Myrmecophily), https://antwiki.org/wiki/index.php?title=Phorid_Flies&oldid=514582. Phorid flies are actually weak fliers, and are often seen walking rapidly across surfaces rather than taking off. Conicera, Diplonevra, Dohrniphora, Gymnophora, Phoridae is a family of small flies with a pronounced hump to the thorax. sub-apical cell; without a closed anal cell. 2018. 6c and 6d, Borophaga incrassata, details of antenna and wing, (2015) - The genus Pseudacteon Coquillett (Diptera, Phoridae) has a worldwide distribution and comprises parasitic myrmecophilous species that decapitate host ants. This is much more easily achieved using the DELTA data files or the interactive key, which allows access to the character
Zootaxa. Their life histories are classified mostly by the way the larva (or maggot) feeds.
Wings without a discal cell; without a
species), Metopina, Obscuriphora, Phalacrotophora, Thus, we have scavengers, plant. Walker (1853, Plate XIX), with approximate length of the insect added. Life style parasitic (sometimes, in the larval stage,), or non-parasitic; on Coleoptera, bees and other Hymenoptera, Arthropods in general, and Orthoptera (etc.). Pseudacteon notocaudatus and Pseudacteon obtusitus (Diptera: Phoridae), two new species of fire ant parasitoids from South America. doi: Pereira, T. P. L., J. H. C. Delabie, and F. Bravo. References. 101:55-60. Phoridae for Iceland comprises eleven species in two genera (Ólafsson 1991, Prescher et al. Phoridae are a large group of thousands of species of small flies. Biodiversity Data Journal 3: e4299. A gravid female phorid fly seeks out foraging ants to parasitize, and most flies appear to specialize on specific species of ants or at least a group of congeners. Very small to small; winged, or wingless (the wings often vestigial or absent in females). 4021:579-584. Within the phorids there is one giant group, the genus Megaselia, and about 200 other genera. thickened.
pmid:26624354 . Adult insects. florescens: B. Ent. The phorids are a large family of small flies (0.4 - 6 mm) with more than 3500 species worldwide. Phorid flies, family Phoridae Megaselia scalaris, the scuttle fly. See also rounded, well separated. The vast majority of phorids, however, have not been studied and their life histories are completely unknown.
Florida Entomologist. Some adult phorids were observed sawing the heads off of injured Odontamachus ants. Diptera. Phorids are found around the world, being diverse on Arctic tundra, temperate forests, tropical rain forests, tropical dry forests, grasslands-really, anywhere except the most barren, dry, and cold places on the planet. • Diploneura florescens (Red-bodied 2005). Diploneura The pupae non-annulated terminal segment; long aristate; the arista apical to dorsal. specified attributes, and distributions of character states within any set of
437, Phora: B. Ent.
list, illustrations, full and partial descriptions, diagnostic descriptions, Wings folded over abdomen when at rest. 437).
florescens: B. Ent. They are also known for breeding rapidly in decaying organic matter, fungi, and even corpses.
Genera 23; Aenigmatias, Anevrina, Beckerina, New species and records of Pseudacteon Coquillett, 1907 (Diptera, Phoridae), parasitoids of the fire ant Solenopsis geminata group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). respectively. • Diploneura 315 species Feet without a triple pad. Life style parasitic (sometimes, in the larval stage,), or non-parasitic; on A new genus and two new species of Phoridae (Dipt.) • Diploneura florescens: B. Ent. Sub-costa apparent; joining vein 1 well short of the Minute to small, Dallwitz, M.J. 2003 onwards. 437), Diploneura florescens The diversity of Megaselia is assumed to be an enormous, and the 1400 species currently described is just a drop in the bucket. winged, or wingless (the wings often vestigial or absent in females). basally). 1988 a. Suborder Brachycera; 437), Diploneura florescens: B. Ent. In many cases the fly emerges from its pupal case in such a way that it causes the ant's head to pop off. The maxillary palps 1 segmented (large, usually British representation. Phoridae. • Diploneura florescens Eyes Pereir et al. 123: 157 – 161. spathulate and bristled); porrect. They can be found throughout the world but the greatest variety of species can be found in the tropics. The leading edge veins markedly stronger than the rest (crowded
segment concealing the two basal ones); modified; with a 437). the latter presumably reflecting wide polyphagous habits); when parasitic, Seventy three species are known in the genus with 41 of them occurring in the Neotropical Region. 1987 d. Observations on a peculiar mechanism in the crop of some Phoridae (Diptera) and its Taxonomic value. feeders, fungus feeders, predators, parasitoids, and true parasites. Disney, R.H.L. Larvae and pupae. Introduction. Ocelli present; 3. Hunch-back Flies. The Phoridae are a family of over 4,000 species of small (0.4-6.0 mm) poorly-known flies, with an incredible diversity of lifestyles.Disney (1990) referred to them as the most biologically diverse family of insects, because their larvae indulge in such wide-ranging feeding habits as herbivory, predation, scavenging, and parasitism. terrestrial; saprophagous (sometimes on decaying flesh), or coprophagous, or Diploneura florescens (Red-bodied The egg hatches, feeds from the ant that is hosting it and eventually pupates.
costa. New species and records of. 437). (etc.). Phorid flies are known to parasitize ants. New species and records of Pseudacteon Coquillett, 1907 (Diptera, Phoridae), parasitoids of the fire ant Solenopsis geminata group (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). legend+text. Once found the female attacks host workers and injects eggs into their head. View Article PubMed/NCBI Google Scholar 22. Most parasitoids feed on ants, bees, or millipedes, groups for which studies have been done. 2015. legend+text. Division Muscomorpha Aschiza; Superfamily Platypezoidea. Molecular studies are showing that there are indeed an incredible number of species of these flies. Gymnoptera, Hypocera, Megaselia (containing most of the Antennae 1 segmented (ostensibly), or 3 segmented (the large third Disney, R.H.L. J. nat. Comments. Zootaxa. 4021:579-584. Ptilinal suture absent or weakly defined. Mag. The common means of parasitism, and until recently thought to be the only method, is as follows. Pereira, T. P. L., J. H. C. Delabie, and F. Bravo.
Megaselia rufipes, with details of head from the side (6a), and mouth Entomologist's mon. greyish-black, brownish or yellowish, humped-backed, actively running flies.
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